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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 85 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王欣宜(2005)。智障者缺乏社交技巧原因與訓練策略之探討。國教輔導,44卷,3,頁57-63。
    2. 何珮菁 (2006)。直接教學模式應用在國中資源班學生數學學習成效之研究。國立台灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班論文,未出版,台北市。何東墀、林惠芬、林淑貞 (1993)。圖畫心像策略對國中輕度智能不足學生記憶文章內容效果之研究。特殊教育學報,8,頁55-79。
    3. 李姿德 (1993)。交互教學法對增進聽覺障礙學生閱讀理解能力之研究。國立台南師範學院特殊教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台南市。杜正治譯 (1994)。單一受試研究法,Tawney J.W. ampampamp Gast D.L.原著,台北市:心理。
    4. 林佩菁 (2003)。故事結構教學對國中學習障礙學生閱讀理解表現之研究。國立彰化師範大學特殊教育學系特殊教育教學碩士班碩士論文,未出版,彰化縣。
    5. 林芸禾(2006)。故事結構教學增進高職輕度智能障礙學生閱讀理解能力之研究。國立台北教育大學特殊教育學系碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 廖淑卿(2016)。應用讀者劇場於國中特教班國文科教學之行動研究。中原大學特殊教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-216。
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