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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Reference ( 64 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 邱英哲(2008)。《語言流失與復振:以高中村Hla’alua人為例》。國立台東大學南島文化研究所碩士論文。未出版。台東市。
    2. 胡依嘉(2009)。〈雙語能力與跨文化認同之對應--以南加州兩所中文學校為例〉。《教育資料與研究雙月刊》,90,頁105-136。翁燕珩、關春明、洪萍、任中夏、魏強譯(2008)。《雙語與雙語教育概論》。北京:中央民族大學出版社。
    3. 張學謙(2004b)。〈結合社區與學校的母語統整教學〉。《台灣語文研究》,2,頁171-192。
    4. 張學謙(2008a)。〈台灣語言政策變遷分析:語言人權的觀點〉。《第七屆臺灣語言及其教學國際研討會論文集》。國立台灣師範大學。2008年9月6 -7日。
    5. 張學謙(2009)。〈國小教師kah大學生對台語讀寫的態度研究〉。《台語研究》,1(1),頁24-41。
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