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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 57 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 中文部分 王怡菁、施慧珉、張國振(2008)。影響休閒活動因素之研-以自行車環島運動為例。2008年運動休閒產業管理學術研討會論文集,2,528-537。
    2. 王治平(2005)。中老年人運動社會支持、知覺運動障礙對運動參與程度與生活滿意度關係研究。未出版碩士論文,國立體育學院體育研究所,桃園。古志銘、林宏恩、陳文貞(2010)。大學院校生運動社會支持量表之編製。島嶼觀光研究,2(4),80-101。
    3. 余玥林(2004)。單車活動參與者的目標取向、社會支持和休閒型態對效益的影響。未出版碩士論文,雲林科技大學休閒運動研究所,雲林。余玥林、陳其昌(2003)。深度休閒的意涵及效益。雲科大休閒運動期刊,6,59-64。
    4. 吳明隆(2007)。SPSS 統計應用學習實務:問卷分析與應用統計(3)。台北:知城。李瑋琪、李素馨(2007)。單車旅遊者之社會資本與深度休閒關係研究。運動事業管理學術研討會論文集,6,124-140。
    5. 沈宛霖(2009)。橄欖球球員認真休閒特質與球場環境屬性偏好關係之研究。未出版碩士論文,逢甲大學土地管理所,台中。周文祥、陳美芳、李蕙貞(2008)。從創造生命價值的觀點談深度休閒之志工參與。休閒運動期刊,7,55-63。
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