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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 45 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 國教學 報,6,211-249。王瓊珠、洪儷瑜、張郁雯、陳秀芬(2008)。一到九年級學生國字識字量 發展。教育心理學報,39(4),555-568。
    2. 邱明秀(2003)。中文部首分色識字教學法對國小識字困難學童教學成效 之研究。私立中原大學教育研究所碩士論文。全國碩博士論文資訊 網,092CYCU5331008。
    3. 洪儷瑜(2001)。義務教育階段之弱勢學生的補救教育之調查研究。
    4. 陳秀芬(1999)。中文一般字彙知識教學法在增進國小識字困難學生識字 學習成效之探討。特殊教育研究學刊,17,225-251。陳淑麗、曾世杰、洪儷瑜(2006)。原住民國語文低成就學童文化與經驗本 位補救教學成效之研究。師大學報,51(2),147-171。陳淑麗、熊同鑫(2007)。台東地區弱勢國中學生課輔現況與困境之探究。 教育資料與研究雙月刊,76,105-130。
    5. 陳淑麗(2008a)。 二年級國語文補救教學研究-一個長時密集的介入方 案, 特殊教育研究學刊,33(2),25-46。
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