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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 45 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 中文文獻方麗芬(2000)國小學童與家長對科學類兒童讀物觀點之調查。國立台北師範學院數理教育研究所碩士論文。
    2. 白佩宜(2009)探討不同探究式教學法對高一學生科學探究能力成長之影響。國立臺灣師範大學地球科學系(暑期)教學碩士學位班碩士論文。
    3. 何映虹(2008)阿美族野菜文化融入幼稚園植物教學之研究。國立台東大學幼兒教育研究所碩士論文。
    4. 周文敏(2003)「創造性圖畫書教學」對國小學童創造力與繪畫表現之研究。國立中山大學教育研究所碩士論文周淑惠(2003)幼兒科學概念之發展概況與其啟示。國教世紀,206,19-28。
    5. 林木村(2009)改良式探究教學對國小六年級學生「聲音」單元學習成效之探究。國立臺北教育大學自然科學教育學系碩士班碩士論文。
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