Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 59 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王琮閔(2009)。臺灣高中柔道選手知覺教練效能對團隊滿意度影響之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立台東大學,台東縣。古宜靈、辛晚教(1997)。休閒文化活動參與行為之研究- 以新竹市為例。戶外遊憩研究,10(1),17-42。
    2. 呂雲梅(2007)。競技啦啦隊動機氣候、集體效能與運動表現關係之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立新竹教育大學,新竹市。巫喜瑞、梁榮達(2006)。職業棒球觀眾運動涉入、球隊評價及贊助效益之研究。觀光研究學報,12(4),345-369。
    3. 李子強(2008)。航空公司機師對組織文化認知與溝通態度關係之研究。未出版碩士論文,大同大學,臺北市。
    4. 李弘暉(1997)。團隊原理。中國行政評論,6(2),73-86。周學雰、黃英哲(2007)。自我效能和集體效能:理論與研究回顧。國北教大體育, (2),67-74。
    5. 周靜玉(譯) (2002)。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 陳令飛(2013)。國立高雄師範大學太極龜籃球隊運動團隊文化研究。高雄師範大學體育學系學位論文。2013。1-128。 
    Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
    E-mail :
    When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
    E-mail :