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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 52 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王敏憲(2004)。2003世界大學運動會男子排球賽得分方式與比賽成績關聯性分析及評量之研究。文化體育學刊,2,299-312。
    2. 朱益成、葉嘉丁(2009)。影響優秀男子排球隊伍比賽勝負之進攻戰術型態分析以參加2004年雅典奧運會7支優秀隊伍為對象。排球教練科學,13,100-106。
    3. 余年華(2005)。大專女子排球聯賽主動得分技術分析-以2005年決賽前四強為例。未出版碩士論文,國立台灣師範大學,台北市。吳美玉(2008)。排球比賽中各項基本技術表現與比賽結果分析-以2006年世界女排大獎賽台北站為例。嘉大體育健康休閒期刊,7(1),130-136。
    4. 李士賢、李士範(2005)。九十一學年度全國大專排球聯賽二維牽連技術運用性能分析之研究。排球教練科學,5,79-92。
    5. 李建毅(2003)。排球運動技戰術特點與訓練研析。排球教練科學,3,40-44。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 謝政利(2010)。2009年高中男子排球聯賽甲級競賽之標記分析。臺東大學進修部暑期體育碩士班學位論文。2010。1-82。 
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