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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Reference ( 92 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王慶田(2009)。國小教師休閒涉入、休閒效益及幸福感之研究。未出版碩士論文。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系行政院體育委員會(1999)。中華民國體育白皮書。台北市:千翔。行政院體育委員會(1999)。我國青少年休閒運動現況、需求暨發展策略之研究。台北市: 行政院體育委員會。
    2. 李三仁(2007)。休閒涉入對青少年價值性之探討。嘉大體育健康休閒期刊,6(2),P.184-190 李莉青。(1993)。基層員警生活困擾、情緒狀態與專業求助意願之關係研究:以雲林縣為例。中正大學犯罪防治研究所碩士論文,未出版,嘉義縣。 李詩鎮(2003)。探索活動團體氣氛與休閒效益關係研究。朝陽科技大學未出版之碩士論文,臺中縣。 李湧清(1982)。台灣地區警民關係之調查研究。中央警察大學行政警察研究所碩士論文,未出版,桃園縣。
    3. 林樹旺(2008),建構自行車使用者休閒涉入對休閒效益之影響,運動與遊憩研究,2(3),130-149。
    4. 邱明潭(2007)。台南市警察人員休閒參與與休閒阻礙之研究。國立台東大學體育學系體育教學碩士班論文,未出版,台東縣。
    5. 吳昇忠(2008)。臺東縣警察人員自覺健康狀況、健康促進生活型態、工作壓力之研究。國立臺東大學健康促進與休閒管理碩士班碩士論文,未出版,臺東縣。
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