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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 42 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 余思靜(2003)。幼兒情緒知多少。國教世紀,206,39-48。吳相儀、陳學志、邱發忠、徐芝君、許禕芳(2008)。樂觀訓練課程對國小高年級學童樂觀信念之影響研究。師大學報:教育類,53(2),193-221。
    2. 李新民 、陳密桃(2009)。樂觀/悲觀傾向與心理幸福感之相關研究:以大學在職專班學生為例。教育學刊,32。1-43。李維靈、張利中、郭世和(2006)。應用音樂探索活動增進大學生情緒智力之研究。中華輔導學報, 20, 153-174。常雅珍、毛國楠(2006)。正向心理學建構教學行動研究。師大學報:教育類,51(2),121-146。
    3. 章淑婷(1993)。幼兒情緒教育之探討。幼兒教育學報,2,139-165。陳淑貞、翁毓秀(2006)。非行少年依附、解釋風格與自我概念之相關研究。輔導與諮商學報,28,(1),29-50。
    4. 陳淑琬(2001)。情緒教育的基本原則-找出師生情緒的律動。學生輔導雙月刊,75,30-35。。曾雪芳、張景媛、陳淑苾、何其安(2009)。樂觀創意教學對國小學童樂觀解釋型態影響之研究。慈濟大學教育研究學刊,5,105-139。
    5. 吳相儀(2005)。樂觀訓練課程對國小高年級學童樂觀信念、因應策略之影響。國立臺灣師範大學教育與心理輔導研究所,未出版,臺北市。
    Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
    1. 黃慧珊(2012)。創造思考教學對國中學生創造力與樂觀特質之成效研究。臺灣師範大學創造力發展碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-124。
    2. 鄭曉楓(2012)。國小高年級兒童人際關係困擾與正向心理學取向親子諮商歷程研究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2012。1-355。
    3. 羅品欣(2013)。國小學童預防霸凌行為模式驗證暨正向教學課程之應用。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2013。1-393。
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