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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 29 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 農作篇(一)。台北:行政院農委會周珮儀(2007)。面對全球化的課程-評smith的三種全球化趨勢與教學。課程與教學季刊。10(2),113~130。
    2. 林月英(2007)。西餐實習。台北:揚智。
    3. 胡秋明(2006)。以料理本體論為基礎之食品營養素成分分析系統。臺北醫學大學醫學資訊研究所碩士論文。未出版。
    4. 張天津(1983)。技術職業教育行政與視導。台北:三民出版社。教育部(1998)。商業職業學校餐飲管理科課程標準暨設備標準。台北:教育部技職司。教育部(2009)。職業學校「餐旅群」校訂參考科目課程綱要。台北:教育部技職司。莊雨薇(2006)。半自動化建置本體論-以旅遊本體論為例。國立成功大學工程科學研究所碩士論文。未出版。
    5. 潘紫菁(2006)。應用本體論強化軟體技術之知識管理。國立成功大學工程科學研究所碩士論文。未出版。
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