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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 99 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 何緯山(2006)。外籍配偶子女自我概念、學業表現與生活適應之相關研究。
    2. 吳武典(1989)。社會計量法。載於楊國樞等編,社會及行為科學研究法。台北市:東華。吳裕益、侯雅齡(2000)。國小兒童自我概念量表指導手冊。台北市:心理。
    3. 巫有鎰(1999)。影響國小學生學業成就的因果機制-以台北市和台東縣作比較 。國立台東師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台東縣。李亦園、歐用生(1992)。我國山胞教育之方向定位與課程內容設計研究。台北: 教育部研究會。李建興、簡茂發(1992)。縮短山地學校與平地學校教學效果差距之改進方案研究。山胞教育研究叢書之五。台北市:教育部教育研究委員會。
    4. 邱筠媛(2007)。原住民與非原住民國小中、高年級學生的自我概念與學習適應對其學業成就關係之比較研究-以嘉義縣為例。靜宜大學青少年兒童福利研究所碩士論文,未出版,台中縣。
    5. 卓石能(2002)。都市原住民學童族群認同與其自我概念生活適應之關係研究。國立屏東師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,屏東縣。
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