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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 91 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 中文部份王文峰(2003)。私立中等學校主管領導型態、組織溝通滿足、激勵制度與學校效能感關係之研究-以台南市為例。國立成功大學企業管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,台南市。
    2. 王淑霞(2004)。組織政治知覺、組織氣候、角色壓力、組織承諾與工作績效關聯性之研究-以嘉義縣稅捐稽徵處為例。南華大學管理科學研究所碩士論文,未出版,嘉義縣。王精文、徐碧慧、李珍玫(2007)。創造力人格、領導型態與績效關係之探討。台大管理論叢,17(2),159-182。
    3. 吳明隆(2003)。SPSS 統計應用學習實務:問卷分析與應用統計。台北:知城數位科技。吳明隆、紀有田(2004)。學校行政人員工作壓力與學校效能感關係之研究。學校行政雙月刊,29,170-181。吳明隆、涂金堂(2006)。SPSS 與統計應用分析(第二版)。台北:五南。
    4. 吳勁甫(2002)。競值架構應用在國民小學領導行為與學校組織效能關係之研究。國立高雄師範大學教育學系研究所碩士論文,未出版,高雄市。
    5. 吳國基(2004)。國民小學學校知識管理的運作與學校效能感相關之研究。學校行政雙月刊,34,21-39。
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 李紓霈(2015)。國中教師職場希望感與工作表現之相關研究。樹德科技大學兒童與家庭服務系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-81。 
    2. 施妃娳(2014)。國小教師組織承諾與工作表現之相關研究。樹德科技大學兒童與家庭服務系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-71。
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