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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 49 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 方紫薇(2008)。大一學生網路上不同來源之社會支持、網路沉迷及孤寂感之研究。中華心理衛生學刊,21(2),139-168。
    2. 朱美慧(2000)。我國大專學生個人特性、網路使用行為與網路成癮關係之研究。大葉大學資訊管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,彰化何振珮(2007)。花蓮市國民中學學生網路成癮傾向與身心健康、學業成績之相關性研究。慈濟大學公共衛生研究所碩士論文,未出版,花蓮。
    3. 林偉傑(2008)。馬祖地區青少年網路使用行為與人際關係、生活適應之相關研究。銘傳大學教育研究所碩士在職專班碩士論文。 林生傳 (2000)。教育社會學。臺北市:巨流。 林唯斯(2008)。國中生網路成癮、人格特質與人際關係之研究--以瑞芳附近地區為例。銘傳大學教育研究所碩士在職專班碩士論文,未出版,台北。 林惠雅(2007)。青少年獨立自主發展之探討。應用心理研究,35,153-183。
    4. 柯志鴻(2006)。青少年網路成癮疾患之世代追蹤研究。行政院國家科學委員會專題研究計劃成果報告(NSC94-2413-H-037-006)。
    5. 范傑臣(2003)。高中生人際互動與社會支持對網路沈迷的影響-以桃園縣某高中為例。元智大學資訊社會學研究所碩士論文,未出版,桃園。徐西森、連廷嘉(2001)。大專學生網路沉迷行為及其徑路模式之驗証研究。中華輔導學報,10,119-149。徐西森、連廷嘉、陳仙子、劉雅瑩(2002)。人際關係的理論與實務。台北:心理。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 楊美鋆(2011)。國中生知覺父母管教方式、網路成癮及自我概念關係之研究:以桃園縣為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-249。
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