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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 80 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 參 考 文 獻一、中文部分王天佑(2003)。家庭背景與教育對原漢族群薪資差異之影響。原住民教育季刊, 29,29-56。
    2. 王大維(2000)。「父職參與」或「參與親職的父親」?。應用心理研究,7,12-18。
    3. 王舒芸(1996)《現代奶爸為難乎?:雙工作家庭中父職角色之初探》,台灣大學社會學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。王舒芸、余漢儀(1997)。奶爸難為--雙薪家庭之父職角色初探。婦女與兩性學刊, 8,115-145。
    4. 王叢桂(2000)。促進參與父職因素的探討。應用心理研究,6,131-169。
    5. 李玉芳(2008)。父親教養態度與幼兒社會行為之相關研究。國立台東大學幼兒 教育學系碩士論文,未出版,台東市。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 吳佩玲(2010)。學齡前獨生子女及其父母教養方式與同儕互動關係之研究。臺東大學進修部暑期幼兒教育碩士班學位論文。2010。1-208。 
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