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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 69 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 高淑清(2001)。在美華人留學生太太的生活世界:詮釋與反思。本土心理學研究,13,225-285。
    2. 許禎芸(2006)。提前退休教師日常生活資訊行為模式之探究。國立台灣大學碩士論文。
    3. 黃源協(2002)社會工作管理。台北:揚智。
    4. 張火燦(1996)。策略性人力資源管理。台北:揚智文化。
    5. 傅仲民(1991)。志願服務在社會福利發展中的角色與功能。復興崗學報,46,285-315。
    Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
    1. 蘇奕菘(2010)。超音波輔助乳化微萃取技術結合GC-ECD快速分析環境水樣與土壤中有機磷農藥之開發。中興大學化學系所學位論文。2010。1-122。 
    2. 賴威宏(2014)。以超臨界電鍍銅應用於具矽穿孔晶片製作之製程參數探討。臺北科技大學機電整合研究所學位論文。2014。1-70。 
    3. 蘇益民(2009)。土壤中五氯酚污染物整治技術研究。朝陽科技大學環境工程與管理系學位論文。2009。1-116。
    4. 劉家福(2009)。地下水中五氯酚污染物整治技術研究。朝陽科技大學環境工程與管理系學位論文。2009。1-112。
    5. 湯世亨(2012)。利用超臨界流體搭配CMC分散劑製備奈米零價鐵及複合雙金屬還原地下水中六價鉻之研究。朝陽科技大學環境工程與管理系學位論文。2012。1-108。
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