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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Reference ( 1 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林文泰、單子元、林承箕(1995)。臨床寄生蟲學。118-120頁。臺北市:合記。王凱茂、劉育憲、林等義、劉國定等(2009)。花蓮地區國小學童蟯蟲感染盛行率之調查。生物醫學暨檢驗雜誌第21卷: 132-135。池華瑋、林惠賢、唐光生、朱秀姬(1996)。高雄縣大寮鄉學齡前兒童蟯蟲感染因素的探討。高雄醫學科學雜誌第12卷: 538-543。劉嘉玲、陳瑜絢、黃子玫、陳昶勳(2007)。全國腸道寄生蟲防治現況特對蟯蟲症之防治。疫情報導第23卷第11期645- 661。Kim, B.J., Yeon, J.W., Ock, M.S. (2001). Infection rates of Enterobius vermicularis and Clonorchis sinensis of primary school children in Hamyang-gun, Gyeongsangnam-do (Province), Korea. The Korean Journal of Parasitology. Vol. 39, No. 4 323-325. Remm, M. (2006). Distribution of enterobiasis among nursery school children in SE Estonia and of other helminthises in Estonia. Parasitol RES 99: 729-736. SAS Institute. (1999). SAS/STAT User’s Guide. Version 8. SAS Institute Inc, Cary, NC. Sung, F.C., Lin, S., Huang, K.C., and Wang, S.Y. (2001). Pinworm control and risk factors of pinworm infection among primary-school children in Taiwan. The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 65(5) 16 558-562. Wang, L.C., Hwang K.P., and Chen E.R. (2009a). Enterobius vermicularis infection in schoolchildren: a large-scale survey 6 years after a population-based control. Epidemiol Infect, 138: 28-36. Wang, C.C., Lee, Y.F., Chang, C.C., and Lee, N.S. (2009b). Current status of Enterobius vermiclaris infection in primary schoolchildren in Miaoli County and Taichung County,Taiwan. J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 42(5): 420-6.
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