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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 76 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王聖文(2010)。國中籃球教練角色衝突與職業倦怠之研究。成大體育,42(1), 30-45。
    2. 伍玉成(2009)。花東地區國小運動教練工作投入與學校組織文化對專業承諾影響之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺東大學,臺東市。
    3. 何國強(2008)。臺北縣國民小學組織文化與教師工作投入之相關研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺北教育大學,臺北市。
    4. 李旺憲(2008)。屏東縣兼任組長教師之人格特質、工作壓力、社會支持與工作耗竭之相關研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺東教育大學,臺東縣。
    5. 李永承(2010)。彰化縣國中體育教師工作壓力與組織承諾之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學體育學系在職進修碩士班,臺北市。
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 謝秀蓮(2015)。教師知覺少子化、十二年國教、工作壓力與職業倦怠 之關連性探討。臺中科技大學企業管理系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-98。
    2. 卓政寬(2016)。社會新鮮人特徵工資之研究:以台灣觀光產業為例。長榮大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2016。1-106。
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