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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 71 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王宗吉(1999)。體育運動社會學。臺北:銀禾文化。
    2. 王俊明(2004)。教練工作價值觀對組織承諾、工作投入及工作滿意度的影響。臺灣運動心理學報,5,59-86。
    3. 王柏森(2009)。慢速壘球參與者之參與動機、團隊凝聚力與社會支持之相關研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。 李慈梅(2003)。我國報紙運動新聞之運動價值觀分析研究-以民生報、中國時報為例。國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
    4. 宋一夫(2004)。義守大學學生運動價值觀之研究。人文與社會學報,1(5),65-84。
    5. 林柏宏(2008)。影響高中棒球選手團隊凝聚力之因素探討-以參加96年度高中 棒球聯賽選手為例。未出版碩士論文,朝陽科技大學,臺中市。宋一夫、湯慧娟(2009)。高中甲組排球運動員知覺教練領導與教練效能隊團隊氣氛之影響研究。台灣運動心理學報,15,13-25。
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 蔡鴻龍(2014)。青少年美妝品消費價值觀分析。朝陽科技大學企業管理系學位論文。2014。1-54。
    2. 楊淑真(2016)。主動性人格與團隊氣氛對銀行員工之組織公民行為與工作績效之影響-以轉換型領導為調節變項。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-117。
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