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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 34 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 李育穎(2010)。自閉症兒童母親教養經驗之個案研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺東大學,臺東市。 林世莉(2003)。運用焦點解決法於國小學童家長親職教育(未出版之碩士論文)。中國文化大學,臺北市。 林正文(2001)。海峽兩岸小學獨生子女人格特質與父母管教方式的比較(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺南師範學院,臺南市。 林佳薇(2007)。母親教養態度改變之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。臺北市立教育大學,臺北市。
    2. 黃琇青(2007)。父母對學齡子女社會能力發展的教養信念與教養策略之相關研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立嘉義大學,嘉義市。黃己娥、王天苗(2007):迢迢學習路-一位學障學生的學習經驗。特殊教育研究學刊,32,111-132。
    3. 曾靖芬(2008)。學習障礙兒童母親之教養與心理歷程(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺東大學,臺東市。
    4. 謝素分(2005)。臺北地區聽障/聾父母對聽人子女的教養態度、困難與需求(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺北教育大學,臺北市。 羅麗春(2003)。身心障礙青少年家長之社會支持與教養態度之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。中國文化大學,臺北市。 二、外文部分 Abrams , J. C. & Kaslow , F. W.(1976). Learning Disability And Family Dynamics: A Mutual Interaction. Journal of clinical child psychology, 5, 35-39.
    5. Goldberg, R. J., Higgins, E. L., Raskind, M. H.,& Herman, K. L. (2003). Predictors of success in individuals with learning disabilities: a qualitative analysis of a 20-year longitudinal study. Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 18(4), 222-236.
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 黃芷琳(2017)。與子同行:智能障礙母親養育心智障礙子女的教養經驗。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2017。1-113。
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