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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Reference ( 33 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 李育穎(2010)。自閉症兒童母親教養經驗之個案研究。國立台東大學教育學系課程與教學碩士論文,未出版,台東縣。
    2. 陳佩妏(2002)。「自閉症兒童之手足」手足關係之探討。 國立台北師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
    3. 黃淑賢(2003)。復原力對自閉症兒童家長心理調適影響之研究。國立暨南國際大學輔導與諮商研究所碩士論文。未出版,南投縣。
    4. 蘇湘芬(2006)。一位先天性全盲幼兒母親的生命經驗。慈濟大學教育研究所教學碩士論文,未出版,花蓮縣。
    5. 參考文獻ㄧ、中文部分 100 學年度身心障礙學生升學大專校院甄試招生委員會(2011)。檢索日期:2011年5月9日。 網址:
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