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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 37 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 江孟珍(2001)。籃球運動員速度與敏捷性訓練法之探討。大專體育,52,102-107。
    2. 林如瀚(2003)。籃球教練在暫停時間的決策行為之心理歷程。未出版之博士論 文,國立台灣師範大學,台北市。
    3. 林益民(2008)。以標記分析比較不同計分制度之差異~以國際女子羽球雙打為 對象。未出版之碩士論文,國立台東大學,台東縣。
    4. 季後賽(2001-2002)為例。高苑學報,9,219-226。 東方介德、李雲光(2004)。男子籃球比賽攻守技術發展之探討。大專體育,70, 143-148。 凃凱傑(2008)。世界級男子羽球單打選手林丹競賽表現之標記分析。未出版之 碩士論文,國立台東大學,台東縣。
    5. 馬振洪(1998)。跟專家練籃球。北京市:體育大學出版社。 高俊傑、蔡育佑(2003)。93年度高中男子籃球聯賽投籃命中率分析。92年全 國大專校運動會體育學術研究會論文集,463-470。 桑茂森、鄭景峰、林正常(2005)。2000年籃球新規則實施後對社會男子甲組籃球 隊攻守數據之影響。大專體育學刊,7(4),97-103。
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