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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Reference ( 73 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王惠君(2003)。部件識字策略對國小學習障礙學生識字成效之研究。國立彰化師範大學特殊教育學系在職專班碩士論文,未出版,彰化縣。
    2. 邱明秀(2004)。中文部首分色識字教學法對國小識字困難學童教學成效之研究。私立中原大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺中市。
    3. 吳慧聆(2005)。字族文識字策略對國小學習障礙學童識字學習成效之研究。國立彰化師範大學特殊教育學系碩士論文,未出版,彰化縣。
    4. 何華國(2004)。特殊兒童心理與教育。臺北市:五南。 林素貞(1998)。相似字與非相似字呈現方式對國小一年級國語科低成就學生生字學習效果之比較。特殊教育與復健學報,6,261-277。 林如美(2005)。集中識字教學法與分散識字教學法對國小三年級識字困難學生識字學習之比較研究。國立屏東教育大學特殊教育學系碩士論文,未出版,屏東縣。 林堤塘(2006)。綜合基本字帶字與部件識字教學法對閱讀困難學童識字學習成效之研究。國立嘉義大學特殊教育學系碩士論文,未出版,嘉義縣。
    5. 孫宛芝(2004)。基本字帶字電腦輔助教學對國小識字困難學生之識字成效研究。國立臺北師範學院特殊教育學系碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
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