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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 18 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 參考文獻一、中文部分(一)期刊李昱叡(2005a)。海洋政策綱領規劃對我國海洋運動發展之影響研析。中華體育季刊,19(1),72-80。
    2. 李昱叡(2005b)。臺灣海洋運動政策發展之現況。大專體育,81,1-7。
    3. 李昱叡(2005c)。多元智慧應用於水域運動課程規劃之理論與實務。中華體育季刊,19(1),92-100。(二)書籍內政部役政署(1999)。兵役替代役推動計畫。臺北市:作者。
    4. 高維敏(2011)。國民中小學教師對普通海洋教育政策評估研究-以四縣市為例(未出版碩士論文)。 國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
    5. 朱敬先(2000)。教育心理學。臺北市:五南圖書出版有限公司。行政院研究發展考核委員會(2001)。海洋白皮書。臺北市:作者。行政院研究發展考核委員會(2006)。海洋政策白皮書。臺北市:作者。行政院海洋事務推展委員會(2004)。海洋政策綱領。臺北市:作者。行政院體育委員會(2002a)。運動人口倍增計畫。臺北市:作者。行政院體育委員會(2002b)。海洋運動發展計畫。臺北市:作者。行政院體育委員會(2004a)。2004雙桅師資帆船培訓計畫。臺北市:作者。行政院體育委員會(2004b)。2004全民風浪板推廣計畫。臺北市:作者。
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