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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 29 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 吳清基(1999)。教育與行政。臺北市:師大書苑。
    2. 張春興(1992)。心理學。臺北市:東華。
    3. 張春興(2007)。教育心理學-三化取向的理論與實踐。臺北市:東華。特殊教育法。(2009年11月18日) 特殊教育法施行細則。(2003年08月07日) 身心障礙及資賦優異學生鑑定標準。(2006年09月29日) 身心障礙者權益保障法。(2004年06月23日) 教育部(2007)。教育部特殊教育評量工具借用暨管理須知。取自。教育部(2009)。特殊教育發展報告書。臺北市:特殊教育工作小組。教育部教育研究委員會(1996)。身心障礙學生鑑定及就學輔導工作手冊。臺北市:教育部。陳心怡、洪儷瑜(2007)。由心評教師看特教鑑定工作的人力資源問題。中華民國特殊教育學會年刊,149-168。
    4. 黃思峻(2008)。特殊教育心理評量教師鑑定工作現況與工作困擾之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺東大學,臺東縣。
    5. 黃瑞琪(2008)。特殊教育心理評量教師培訓需求研究-以台北縣為例(未出版之碩士論文)。國立台灣師範大學,臺北市。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 陳韋伶(2016)。合作式寫作與獨立式寫作應用於臺灣國中生寫作歷程之個案研究。交通大學英語教學研究所學位論文。2016。1-152。
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