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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 124 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 江宜樺(1997)。自由民主體制下的國家認同。臺灣社會研究季刊,25,83-121。
    2. 江宜樺(1998)。自由主義、民族主義與國家認同。台北:楊智。
    3. 何緯山(2007)。外籍配偶子女自我概念、學業表現與生活適應之相關研。國立臺東大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺東。
    4. 吳淑慧(2005)。原住民學童族語教育與文化認同之研究-以銅門國小實施族語教學現況為例。國立東華大學族群關係與文化研究所碩士論文,未出版,花蓮。吳瓊洳、蔡明昌(2009)。新移民子女文化認同與學校適應關係之研究-以雲林縣就讀國中階段之新移民子女為例。屏東教育大學學報-教育類,33,459-488。
    5. 李奕瑩(2009)。新移民女性第二代的自我認同與學校適應之研究:以國中生為例。靜宜大學社會工作與兒童少年福利學系碩士班碩士論文,未出版,台中。
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