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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Reference ( 82 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 參考文獻中文部份:巴蘇雅‧薄伊哲努(2002)。思考原住民。台北市:前衛。瓦歷斯‧尤幹(1992)。原住民族母語教育推廣方向(書面報告)。《宜蘭地區原住民族母語教育研討會實錄》,121-128。牟中原、汪幼絨(1997)。原住民教育。台北市:師大書苑。
    2. 江宜樺(1998)。自由主義、民族主義與國家認同。台北市:揚智。
    3. 汪明輝,浦忠勇。 1995。〈鄒語使用現況之初步調查分析〉《台灣南島民族母語研討會論文集》。 李壬癸、林英津編。 中研院歷史語言研究所,131-177。
    4. 吳天泰(1998)。由多元文化的觀點看原住民族語教學的推展。原住民教育季刊,10,49-63。
    5. 吳天泰(1998)。原住民教育概論。台北市:五南。
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