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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Reference ( 102 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 古光耀(2002)。一個作加法補救教學的適性學習系統(未出版之碩士論文)。國立中原大學,桃園縣。
    2. 杜正治(2006)。單一受試研究法。臺北巿:心理。杜正治、辛怡葳(2008)。教師導向教學法與同儕協助學習法之比較:並行處理設計之應用。特殊教育學報,27,81-98。 呂玉琴(1988)。加減法文字題的分類、解題策略及影響因素。國民教育,28(8-9), 17-29。
    3. 巫宜靜(2007)。同儕指導對國小聽障學生社交技巧學習成效之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立彰化師範大學,彰化縣。李淑貞、陳夢怡(譯)(2001)。特殊兒童教學法:回歸主流的班級經營實務(原作者:Westwood, Peter)。新北巿:弘智。(原著出版年:1997)何國華(2001)。特殊兒童心理與教育。臺北市:五南。
    4. 吳雅琪(2003)。電腦融入解題策略教學對國小數學學習困難學生解題成效之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立新竹教育大學,新竹縣。
    5. 李燕菁(2006)。同儕指導方案對增進資源班學生普通班級適應之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學,臺北巿。
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