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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Reference ( 77 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 國民 體育季刊,35(1),83-87。
    2. 何慶燕(2010)。休閒動機與休閒生活型態對自覺健康的影響-以台南縣國民中 學教師為例。未出版碩士論文,亞洲大學,台中市。何儀琳、林柏成、姚霞芬(2009)。文化科技花園城市:新竹市觀光手冊。新竹市政府。
    3. 李家儂(2008)。都市交通與發展從混亂到共和的經驗。土地問題研究季刊,7(1), 53-64。
    4. 李思瑩(2004)。休閒動機與休閒阻礙對休閒活動參與之影響。未出版碩士論文, 南台科技大學,台南市。宋威穎、雷文谷、沈益如(2009)。后豐鐵馬道遊客環境知覺對行為意圖之影響。運動事業管理學術研討會論文集,8,139-148。
    5. 宋明律(2008)。戶外休閒活動新趨勢-自行車推動計畫之探討。學校體育,18 (3),31-34。吳宗宏、黃宗成、洪常明(2005)。澎湖居民對生態旅遊知覺與發展生態旅遊態度 關係之研究。戶外遊憩研究,18(3),1-30。
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