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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 39 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 參考文獻 一、中文部分王文科、王智宏(2009)。教育研究法(增訂13版)。台北:五南圖書。王國川(1998)。計畫行為理論各成份量表之設計、發展與建立-以青少年無照騎車行為之研究為例。師大學報教育類,43(2),67-91。
    2. 王國川(1999)。計分方式對於信念與態度之關係的影響--兼考慮量表結構與加權方法之角色。師大學報教育類,44(1&2),1-17。
    3. 行政院主計處(2010a)。區域分類。時間:2010年11月15日。取自 行政院主計處(2010b)。都市化地區分類。時間:2010年11月15日。取自 吳明隆(2003)。SPSS 統計應用學習實務-問卷分析與應用統計。台北:知成數位科技。吳忠宏、蘇珮玲(2005)。職前教師參與生態旅遊活動之行為意圖研究。台中教育大學學報:教育類,19(2),73-97。
    4. 吳美貞(2007)。以計畫行為理論探討苗栗地區青少年參與休閒活動行為意圖之研究。未出版碩士論文,中華大學營建管理研究所,新竹。呂宛蓁、鄭志富(2008)。職棒觀眾觀賞行為意圖模式之研究。大專體育學刊,10(3),57-71。
    5. 巫慧萍(2008)。新竹地區各層級學校體育育樂營實施現況及阻礙因素之研究。休閒暨觀光產業研究,3(2),61-86。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 胡學華(2016)。以計畫行為理論探討 家長對補習班的選擇行為。臺灣大學會計與管理決策組學位論文。2016。1-55。 
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