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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 46 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 參考文獻一、中文部分王盈潔、劉怡秀(2008)。國中學生參與運動社團之調查研究。運動休閒產業管理學術研討會論文集,2,279-285。
    2. 王舜儀、吳國銑(2008)。國小運動代表隊組訓之影響因素探討。大專體育,95,140-147。
    3. 吳明欽、江書良(2006)。提高學校體育活動參與的理念與做法。學校體育雙月刊,16,35-41。
    4. 吳淑鶯、詹璓如(2009)。實體與網路通路型態在消費者行為及滿意度關係上之影響效果-以女性保養品為例。顧客滿意學刊,5(1),149 -174。
    5. 吳明隆、涂金堂(2009)。SPSS與統計應用分析。台北:五南出版社。呂宛蓁、鄭志富(2008)。職棒觀眾觀賞行為意圖模式之研究。大專體育學刊,10(3),57-71。
    Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
    1. 游善植(2012)。苦茶粕水萃液對神澤氏葉蟎之毒性探討。屏東科技大學熱帶農業暨國際合作系學位論文。2012。1-87。 
    2. 蘇明志(2011)。無患子環保清潔劑產品與分析方法的開發。朝陽科技大學應用化學系學位論文。2011。1-71。
    3. 陳明宏(2011)。無患子皂苷萃取之研究。崑山科技大學環境工程研究所學位論文。2011。1-41。
    4. 莊佩蓉(2013)。番石榴葉片水萃取液防治結球白菜軟腐病之研究。中興大學園藝學系所學位論文。2013。1-76。
    5. 賴蕙琪(2014)。無患子皂苷萃取物對非小細胞肺癌株A549的抗癌活性分析。中興大學生命科學院碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-47。
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