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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 55 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 江茂男(2007)。梅山地名誌。財團法人梅山文教基金會。
    2. 巫有鎰(1999),影響國小學生學業成就的因果機制,以台北市和台東縣作比 較。教育研究集刊,213-242。
    3. 吳武典(1976)。文化貧乏對於學習的影響。載於賈馥茗、黃昆輝主編,教育論叢,2, 395-417。台北:文景書局。吳清山、林天祐(2002)。教育名詞:文化不利。教育資料與研究,45,126。
    4. 林清山(1997)。教育心理學-認知取向。台北:遠流。
    5. 姜添輝(2002)。資本社會中的社會流動與學校體系-批判教育社會學的分析。台北: 高等教育文化。孫清山、黃毅志(1996),補習教育、文化資本與教育取得。台灣社會學刊,19,95-135。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 葉菀婷(2012)。Ugonin J對大鼠頸動脈氣球擴張術之術後內膜增生抑制機轉。中國醫藥大學藥學系博士班學位論文。2012。1-74。
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