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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 一、中文部分王天苗(2001)。運用教學支援建立融合教育的實施模式:以一公立幼稚園的經驗為例。特殊教育研究學刊,21,27-51。
    2. 王天苗(2003)。學前融合教育實施的問題和對策-以台北市國小附幼為例。特殊教育研究學刊,25,1-25。
    3. 吳佩珊 (2005)。高雄市國民小學教師專業成長、學校創新氣氛與學校效能關係之研究。國立高雄師範大學教育學系碩士論文,未出版,高雄市。
    4. 吳靜惠 (2004)。台中市私立幼稚園教師自我專業成長需求之研究。靜宜大學青少年兒童福利研究所碩士論文,未出版,台中縣。 李秀珠(2005)。高雄市學前融合教育班教師角色知覺與教學支援需求之研究。國立台北教育大學特殊教育學系碩士論文,未出版,台北市。 李榮珠 (2004)。國小融合教育班教師工作壓力之研究。國立台東大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台東縣。 李慶輝 (2004)。國民小學融合教育實施現況與相關問題之研究-以台北縣為例。台北市立師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。 林少雀(2004)。實施融合教育教師態度、教學困擾與教師需求之研究~以台北縣國中小附設幼稚園為例。中國文化大學青少年兒童福利研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
    5. 張素貞 (2003)。國民小學身心障礙資源班教師專業成長之研究-以知能分析和方案規劃為例。國立台灣師範大學特殊教育研究所博士論文,未出版,台北市。
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