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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 36 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 參考文獻一、中文部分王國川(1999)。計分方式對於信念與態度之關係的影響-兼考慮量表結構與加權方法之角色。師大學報:教育類,44(1-2),1-17。
    2. 自行車新文化基金會(2009)。關於台灣自行車日。線上檢索日期:2010 年4月24日。取自財團法人自行車新文化基金會網址: 行政院經濟建設委員會(2008)。新聞稿:政府規劃推動自行車道路網成果已逐步展現。時間:2010/4/24。取自行政院經濟委員會網址: 呂宛蓁、鄭志富(2008)。職棒觀眾觀賞行為意圖模式之研究。大專體育學刊,10(3),57-71。
    3. 李柏慧、劉淑燕(2005)。民眾從事健走行為意圖之研究。大專體育學刊,7(1),147-156。
    4. 李永祥(2010)。台灣科技大學學生參與超級籃球聯賽現場觀賞意圖之研究-計畫行為理論驗證。海峽兩岸體育研究學報,4(1),35-55。
    5. 阮芳賦(2009)。老年性生理學和老年的性生活。台北:五南。吳明隆(2003)。SPSS 統計應用學習實務:問卷分析與應用統計。台北:知城數位科技。邱皓政(2000)。社會與行為科學的量化研究與統計分析。台北:五南。季力康、許哲彰(2005)。以計畫行為理論預測國小教師健身運動行為之研究。台灣運動心理學報,7,115-129。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 張弘達(2015)。教育雲端服務使用意圖影響因素及教師使用現況之研究。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-217。 
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