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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Reference ( 100 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 朱經明(1981)。國中學生自我觀念、友伴關係及其影響因素之探究。師大教育研究集刊,24,261-274。吳武典、簡明建、王欣宜、陳浚隆(2001)。對殘障者的態度調查及二十年前後的比較。特殊教育研究學刊,21,77-88。
    2. 吳信鏘(2008)。彰化縣國小學童對身心障礙同儕接納態度之研究。國立台東大學特殊教育學系碩士在職專班碩士論文,未出版,台東縣。
    3. 林思忖(2008)。高雄市國小學童對身心障礙同儕接納態度之研究。國立台東大學特殊教育學系碩士在職專班碩士論文,未出版,台東縣。
    4. 陳慧茹(2010)。台中縣國中學生對自閉症同儕接納態度之研究。國立台東大學特殊教育學系碩士在職專班碩士論文,未出版,台東縣。國民教育法(2010修正)。教育部(1994)。國民小學資源班輔導手冊。台北市:教育部。教育部(1995)。中華民國第二次特殊兒童普查報告。教育部教育研究委員會。莊明勳(2007)。高雄市國小學生對資源班同儕的態度之研究。國立台東大學特殊教育學系碩士在職專班碩士論文,未出版,台東縣。莊斐斐(2010)。嘉義市國小學生對資源班同儕接納態度之研究。國立台東大學特殊教育學系碩士在職專班碩士論文,未出版,台東縣。
    5. 張春興(1994)。教育心理學-三化取向的理論與實際。台北:東華。
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