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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 58 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 孔令人(2007)。發展遲緩兒童家長壓力與休閒參與及其效益之探討。國立臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所在職碩士班論文,台北市,未出版。王志慧、蔡英美、陳盈幸(2008)。幼教老師休閒知覺自由、休閒利益和休閒阻礙與休閒參與關係之研究。國立臺中技術學院學報,9(1),17-28。
    2. 王國羽(2002)。我國身心障礙福利政策與體系:身心障礙者保護法的分析。社區發展季刊,97,115-127。全國法規資料庫(2003)。特殊教育法施行細則。網址:,擷取日期:2011年5月10日。行政院主計處(2010)。全國家戶平均收入調查,網址:,擷取時間:2011年5月20日余嬪(2000)。休閒教育的實施與發展。大葉大學學報,9(2),1-13。
    3. 利翠珊(2005)。身心障礙兒童家庭中夫妻的壓力、付出與恩情。中華心理衛生學刊,18(2),25-54。吳水丕、呂佩珊(2008)。大台北地區國小教師工作壓力與休閒參與之關係研究。工作與休閒學刊,1(1) ,49-61 頁。
    4. 吳忠宏,張家銘,李枝樺(2009)。臺中縣市國小學童休閒參與、休閒阻礙與休閒滿意度之相關研究。休閒暨觀光產業研究,4(1),13-25。
    5. 吳萬益,林清河(2001),企業研究方法,台北市:華泰書局。呂宇晴、許弘恩、劉金鎗(2008)。休閒活動參與能力、參與體驗、滿意度之差異性之研究-以保齡球運動參與者為例。臺中學院體育學報,5,19-28。 呂椒華(2004)。視覺障礙學生家庭需求之研究。屏東師範學院國民教育研究所,碩士論文,未出版,屏東縣。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 洪世利(2015)。女性勞工的社會支持與親職壓力之相關研究 —以高雄市某加工區為例。樹德科技大學兒童與家庭服務系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-123。 
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