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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 42 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 李晶(2000)。國小教師對休閒農場提供資源實施校外教學活動之評估之研究。師大學報:教育類,46(1),93-110。 李晶(2001)。國小教師對休閒農場提供資源實施校外教學活動之評估研究。師大學報,46(1),93-110。李晶、林儷蓉(2001)。休閒農場提供國小校外教學資源之研究。教育與社會研究,2,155-180。
    2. 張佩傑(譯)(1992)。定位行銷-進入消費者心靈的 最佳方法Positioning: the battle for your mind(原作者:Rise Al and Trout jack)。台北市:遠流。(原著出版年:1972)陳昭郎(1996)。休閒農業的發展方向:綠色資源的永續利用。大自然季刊,50, 5-13。陳昭郎、鄭健雄(1995)。休閒農場經營策略思考方向之研究。農業經營管理年刊,2,123-144。陳振遠、陳振田(譯)(1990)。行銷管理-分析、規劃與控制。(原作者:Kotler)。臺北市:五南。
    3. 楊冠政(1994)。環境教育發展簡史。環境科學技術教育季刊,2,27-37。 劉修祥(1990)。觀光旅遊事業概論。台北市,桂冠圖書。
    4. 高興桂(2001)。我國職棒球團企業經營困境因素與解決策略之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立台灣師範大學體育,台北市。
    5. 郭希得(2009)。公立學校勞務採購契約之研究-以校外教學旅遊服務為例(未出版之碩士論文)。成功大學,台南市。
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