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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Reference ( 70 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 孔令人(2007)。發展遲緩兒童家長壓力與休閒參與及其效益之探討。國立臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所在職碩士班論文,未出版,臺北市。王志慧、蔡英美、陳盈幸(2008)。幼教老師休閒知覺自由、休閒利益和休閒阻礙與休閒參與關係之研究。國立臺中技術學院學報,9(1),17-28。
    2. 王昭正(2001)。休閒導論。臺北市:品度。
    3. 王穎駿(2006)。我國機場安檢人員工作壓力及其因應策略研究。運輸計劃季刊,35(1),29-58。
    4. 何慧菁 、張淑惠、曹瑞雲、張梅芳、陳永煌、楊燦(2010)。醫院員工工作壓力與身心健康之相關研究。中華職業醫學雜誌,17(4),239-252。
    5. 余嬪(2000)。休閒教育的實施與發展。大葉大學學報,9(2),1-13。吳水丕、呂佩珊(2008)。大臺北地區國小教師工作壓力與休閒參與之關係研究。工作與休閒學刊,1(1) ,49-61 頁。
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