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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 25 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 杜麗珍、林藍萍、林金定(2007)。老人養護機構照護提供者工作壓力與健康初探。台灣老人保健學刊,3(2)。73-82。
    2. 吳美蓮、蔡明祥、張振傑、莊文隆(2007)。師徒功能對組織社會化影響之研究--以志願役軍官為例。人力資源管理學報,7(2)。71-92。
    3. 林雅雯、彭靖瑜、林昭文、洪嘉鈺(2006)。健康組織環境與員工工作生活品質之相關性研究--以某區域教學醫院為例。醫護科技學刊 ,8(1)。20-35。
    4. 吳明隆、涂金堂(2006)。SPSS 與統計應用分析(修訂版)。台北:五南。吳武忠、任靜嫻(2004)。空服員工作生活品質與服務態度關聯性之研究。觀光研究學報,10(2)。55-68。
    5. 洪煌佳、陳嘉彌、陳清田(2008)。師徒關係對運動選手組織社會化影響之研究。高應科大體育,7,100-114。
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