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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 76 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 方素真(2005)•原發性失眠症患者的日間功能及自主神經活動(未出版之碩士論文)•台北醫學大學護理學,台北。江漢光、李政育(2008).失眠症.書泉出版社。
    2. 吳佳儀(2001).社區老人睡眠品質與身體活動、憂鬱之相關性探討。李選、葉每玉、劉燦榮(1993).音樂治療對改善住院精神個案精神症狀與人際互動之成效.護理研究,1(2),145-156。
    3. 李玉如(2001).音樂治療對安養機構老人睡眠品質與情緒狀態成效之探討(未出版之碩士論文).台北護理學院護理研究所,台北。李麗花(2003).音樂治療對老人憂鬱程度成效之探討(未出版之碩士論文).慈濟大學護理學研究所。李信謙、張家蓓、盧世偉、李佳純(2007).失眠.晨星出版有限公司。李佳芳(2008).某漁村老人憂鬱育睡眠品質關係之探討(未出版之碩士論文).亞洲大學,台中縣。邱銘章(2005).神經疾患之睡眠障礙.台灣醫學,9(3),354-360。
    4. 何瑞麟、何邦立(1988) ‧睡眠與睡眠醫學簡介‧中華民國航空醫學會刊,2,67-72。
    5. 汪彥青、林芳蘭、吳佳慧、張乃文、張初穗、蔡安悌等(2002)•音樂治療-治療心靈的樂音•台北:先知。周先樂(2001).人體生理學.台北,藝軒出版。 林貴美(1993)‧ 音樂治療與教育手冊-音樂治療與教育的基本概念與活動設計‧ 台北: 心理出版社。林嘉玲(2000).自費安養機構老人睡眠品質及其相關因素之探討(未出版之碩士論文),國立臺灣大學,臺北市。林志六(2001)‧治療勃起功能障礙藥品臨床試驗受試者之性伴侶應否簽具同意書‧台灣醫界,44(8),45-48。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 翁和廷(2016)。年長者健康照顧服務中的音樂活動研究—以中華民國天使之家全人關懷協會為例。臺北藝術大學音樂學研究所學位論文。2016。1-144。
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