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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Reference ( 41 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王穎駿(2006)。運輸計劃季刊,35卷1期,35-36。
    2. 田蘊祥(2002),公務人員工作壓力之世代差異研究:以考試院部會機關為例,東吳大學政治學系碩士論文,未出版,台北市。 行政院衛生署國民健康局(2007),職場紓壓達人。台北市:職場健康促進暨菸害防治輔導中心。
    3. 吳清山(2005)。教育資料與研究雙月刊,65,135。
    4. 陳聖明(2007)。航空地勤人員工作壓力與因應策略關係之研究-以高雄國際機場為例。美和技術學院經營管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,屏東縣。
    5. 曾濪瑤(2004),醫學中心護理人員工作壓力與身心健康之相關探討,台灣大學碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
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