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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Reference ( 48 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 壹、中文部分中華民國教育部部史全球資訊網(2010)。教育大事年表。2010年11月20日,取自。尹玫君(2010)。我國國民小學學校網站內容分析。國立臺南大學科技發展與傳播碩士班論文,未出版,臺南市。王嵩音(2007)。網路使用之態度、動機與影響。資訊社會研究,12,57-85。
    2. 何英奇(2009)。偏遠地區特色小學家長選校考量與學校滿意度之研究-以台北縣三峽鎮為例。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系在職進修碩士班論文,未出版,臺北市。吳佩玲(2008)。中部地區百貨公司化妝品專櫃顧客抱怨行為之研究。美容科技學刊,5(2),115-130。
    3. 吳美雯、賴淑媚、張淑真(2009)。化抱怨危機成轉機-服務品質提升專案。醫療品質雜誌,3(1),90-93。
    4. 吳璧如(2001)。家長參與學校教育︰實務工作者與學者看法之分析。教育研究集刊,47,185-214。
    5. 李正文、劉晏尚(2007)。網際網路特性與顧客關係之研究--以服務業為例。顧客滿意學刊,3(1),25-60。
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