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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 92 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁鋐鎰(2001)。國中氧化還原概念之精熟學習研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
  2. 王美婷(2013)。在精熟學習模式下,探討異質分組討論式教學對數學學習成就之影響-以八年級一元二次方程式為例(未出版之碩士論文)。國立交通大學,新竹市。
  3. 王庭宏(2014)。數位遊戲式英語學習環境中性別差異與英語學習成就對利他行為的影響(未出版之碩士論文)。國立中央大學。桃園縣。
  4. 左太政、黃吉良、江豐光、盧信彰(2008)。臺灣網路數學競賽系統之建置。載於國際科技教育課程改革與發展研討會論文集。高雄市:國立高雄師範大學。
  5. 行政院(2002)。挑戰2008:國家發展重點計畫。臺北市:行政院經濟建設委員會。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許婷茹(2017)。探討融入證實與證偽教學模式的教學對國小學生科學概念及論證學習的影響。國立臺北教育大學自然科學教育學系學位論文。2017。1-183。 
  2. 李姿瑢(2017)。自我控速與非自我控速數位媒材對六年級學童科學概念與論證之成效差異—生物、環境、資源。國立臺北教育大學自然科學教育學系學位論文。2017。1-144。 
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