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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 79 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 徐鑾娟(2005)。國小四、五年級環境教融入自然與生活科技領域教科用書之內容分析。國立臺灣師範學院課程與教學研究所碩士論文(未出版)。台北。
  2. 高翠霞、高慧芬(1991)。環境教育你我他。台北:行政院環境保護署、幼獅文
  3. 郭金水(1998)。國民小學學生環境責任概念之研究。國立台北師範學院學報。11,251-286。
  4. 陳念慈(2003)。國小四年級社會領域課程環境議題融入之研究。台北市立師範學院碩士論文(未出版)。台北。
  5. 黃政傑(1995):國民中小學教科用書印製規格之研究。台北:國立台灣師範大學教育研究中心。
Times Cited (13) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁士恆(2014)。中國大陸初級中學教科書內容涵蓋環境教育概念之分析。國立臺北教育大學自然科學教育學系學位論文。2014。1-190。 
  2. 楊曉薇(2014)。中國大陸小學教科書涵蓋「中國大陸中小學環境教育實施指南」之內容分析。國立臺北教育大學自然科學教育學系學位論文。2014。1-139。 
  3. 謝孟儒(2014)。中國大陸中學教科書涵蓋中小學環境教育實施指南之內容分析。國立臺北教育大學自然科學教育學系學位論文。2014。1-174。 
  4. 李學義(2012)。國民中學教科書內容涵蓋環境教育概念 暨環境教育能力指標之分析。國立臺北教育大學自然科學教育學系學位論文。2012。1-229。 
  5. 羅玉潔(2012)。國民小學教科書內容涵蓋環境教育概念暨環境教育能力指標之分析。國立臺北教育大學自然科學教育學系學位論文。2012。1-215。 
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