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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 83 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江世豪(2009)。探究創作科學概念故事教學策略對於幼教師資生的教學實務反省實踐發展之影響。嘉南學報(人文類),35,889-903。
  2. 江淑卿(2001)。概念構圖與圖示對兒童自然科學的知識結構、理解能力與學習反應之影響。科學教育學刊,9(1),35-54。
  3. 吳佳典(2011)。新穎仿生奈米材料三部曲:蛾眼結構、壁虎膠帶和玫瑰花瓣表面 (未出版之博士論文)。國立交通大學,新竹市。
  4. 林書霆(2014)。奈米科技教學模組融入高中物理之成效研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺灣大學,臺北市。
  5. 林達森(2003)。概念圖的理論基礎與運用實務。花蓮師院學報(教育類),17,107-132。
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