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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 128 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 宋曜廷(2000)。先前知識、文章結構和多媒體呈現對文章學習的影響。國立臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系博士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  2. 林清山(1992)。教育心理學一認知取向。臺北:遠流。
  3. 林姿諭(2006)。數學焦慮認知與情意影響數學內在動機、自我概念與成 就之模式:以PISA 2003香港資料為例。國立政治大學教育研究所論文,未出版,臺北市。
  4. 柳賢、陳英娥 (1994)。臺灣地區國一學生數學焦慮及其相關因素之研究。高雄師大學報,5,137-158。
  5. 郭生玉(1972)。國中低成就學生心理特質之分析研究。國立臺灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾薏如(2013)。3D模擬遊戲視野影響玩家遊戲經驗與任務表現之研究。交通大學傳播研究所學位論文。2013。1-134。 
  2. 吳嘉惠(2011)。視覺引導在代數教材設計之探討-以解二元一次聯立方程式為例。交通大學理學院科技與數位學習學程學位論文。2011。1-184。 
  3. 林立群(2013)。多媒體組合方式對學習成效與認知負荷之影響。國立臺北教育大學數學暨資訊教育學系學位論文。2013。1-119。 
  4. 古詩儀(2011)。以認知負荷理論探討不同文本呈現方式對國小高年級 學生閱讀理解表現之影響:以表面積為例。國立臺北教育大學數學暨資訊教育學系學位論文。2011。1-140。
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