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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 71 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李如偉、蘇明洲、黃湃翔、呂仲誠、高慧蓮(2012)。以科學讀寫模式提升國小學生論證能力之研究。科學教育學刊,20(6),483-514。
  2. 林志能、洪振方(2008)。論證模式分析及其評量要素,科學教育月刊,312,2-18。
  3. 林宗進、林樹聲、陳映均(2010)。 大學生對基因改造作物議題的認知與論證能力之研究.。科學教育學刊,18(3), 229-252。
  4. 林樹聲、黃柏鴻 (2009)。國小六年級學生在社會性科學議題教學中之論證能力研究─不同學業成就學生間之比較。科學教育學刊,17(2),111-133。
  5. 林燕文、洪振方(2007a)。對話論證的探究中學生論述策略對促進科學概念理解之研究。屏東教育大學學報,26,285-324。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許婷茹(2017)。探討融入證實與證偽教學模式的教學對國小學生科學概念及論證學習的影響。國立臺北教育大學自然科學教育學系學位論文。2017。1-183。 
  2. 李姿瑢(2017)。自我控速與非自我控速數位媒材對六年級學童科學概念與論證之成效差異—生物、環境、資源。國立臺北教育大學自然科學教育學系學位論文。2017。1-144。 
  3. 陳銘哲(2017)。合作學習教學策略對提升國小五年級學生論證能力 成效之研究。國立臺北教育大學自然科學教育學系學位論文。2017。1-136。 
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