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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 50 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁興祥、張慈宜、賴誠斌(譯)(2002)。生命史與心理傳記學。 台北市:遠流。(William McKinley Runyan,1982)。
  2. 李乙明、李淑貞(譯)(2006)。創造力I•理論。臺北市:五南。(Robert J. Sternberg, 1999)
  3. 李尚儒(2006)。戰後台灣桌球運動發展之研究(1945∼2004)。未出版碩士論文,國立台東大學體育研究所,台東市。
  4. 林明佳、林國瑞(2007)。女子拳擊金牌得主陳嘉玲之生命故事。北體學報,(15),92-104。
  5. 廖雪茹(2007)。原運「女聲」:一個泰雅族原運女將的人類學生命史研究。未出版碩士論文,國立清華大學人類學研究所,新竹。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳玉振(2014)。繩鈴活現:一位推動民俗體育舵手的生命史。國立臺北教育大學體育學系學位論文。2014。1-73。 
  2. 洪嘉銘(2013)。「系統性科學化訓練」:一位游泳教練的敘說探究。國立臺北教育大學體育學系學位論文。2013。1-243。 
  3. 陳瑋傑(2012)。解鎖與探索:優秀跆拳道教練實踐知識之解析。國立臺北教育大學體育學系學位論文。2012。1-147。 
  4. 賴維政(2011)。「樂」在其中、「樂」此不疲的棒球: 一位教師兼樂樂棒球教練追求榮耀與挑戰的自我敘說。國立臺北教育大學體育學系學位論文。2011。1-70。 
  5. 鄭筱澐(2011)。尋找運動訓練的實踐之路—一位羽球菜鳥教練的生命成長故事。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2011。1-79。
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