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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 132 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江佑聆 (2011)。臺北市國民小學校長魅力領導特質、行為及其效能之研究–以教師知覺為基礎(未出版之碩士論文)。臺北市:國立臺北教育大學教育經營與管理學系。
  2. 吳清山 (2000)。教育發展研究。臺北市:元照。
  3. 李勇緻 (2012)。新北市國小校長正向領導與學校效能之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。臺北市:國立臺北教育大學教育經營與管理學系。
  4. 洪啟昌 (2001)。臺北縣國民小學公共關係與學校效能關係之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。臺北市:國立臺北師範學院國民教育研究所。
  5. 洪啟昌 (2001)。臺北縣國民小學公共關係與學校效能關係之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。臺北市:國立臺北師範學院國民教育研究所。
Times Cited (12) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱順明(2011)。桃園縣國中校長知識領導與學校效能關係之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-218。 
  2. 陳秀珠(2011)。屏東縣國小校長領導風格與教師工作士氣及學校效能關係。臺東大學進修部暑期學校行政碩士班學位論文。2011。1-158。 
  3. 邱玉梅(2014)。教育大學校長科技領導與學校效能關係之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育經營與管理學系學位論文。2014。1-191。 
  4. 楊千慧(2013)。桃園縣國民小學校長轉型領導與閱讀教育績效關係之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育經營與管理學系學位論文。2013。1-209。 
  5. 陳國清(2012)。宜蘭縣國民小學校長分布式領導與學校效能關係之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育經營與管理學系學位論文。2012。1-203。 
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