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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 90 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王時培(2012)。國民小學數學課後輔導教師教學知能之研究:以永齡希望小學中正分校為例(未出版之碩士論文)。國立中正大學,嘉義市。
  2. 江淑卿(2001)。概念構圖與圖示對兒童自然科學的知識結構、理解能力與學習反應之影響。科學教育學刊,9(1),35-54。
  3. 李惠瑄(2013)。父母的親職效能、社會支持與親職壓力之相關研究-以永齡希望小學為例(未出版之碩士論文)。輔仁大學,新北市。
  4. 吳裕聖、曾玉村(2011)。鷹架式概念構圖教學策略對學童生物文章的閱讀表徵與情意之影響。教育心理學報,43(1),1-23。
  5. 林達森(2005)。不同導入訓練歷程之「概念構圖教學法」對國小階段生物能量概念學習與態度影響之實徵研究。高雄師大學報,9,105-122。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳思妤(2017)。多媒體影片結合即時反饋系統Plickers應用於五年級自然科補救教學之成效。國立臺北教育大學自然科學教育學系學位論文。2017。1-120。 
  2. 許麗楨(2017)。多媒體影片結合線上測驗應用於六年級自然科補救教學之研究。國立臺北教育大學自然科學教育學系學位論文。2017。1-183。 
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