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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 99 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方靖仁(2011)。足球專任運動教練職場問題探究。國立臺灣師範大學。台北市。
  2. 呂佳融(2010)。一位資深手球教練的教練經驗與哲學。國立臺北教育大學。台北市。
  3. 呂岱倫(2010)。臺北市國小籃球選手知覺教練領導行為與組織承諾關係之研究。臺北市立教育大學。臺北市。
  4. 李佑峰(2006)。經驗.知識.記憶--一位高中籃球教練的敘說探究。國立臺灣師範大學。台北市。
  5. 李純慧(2007)。國小籃球員團隊動機氣候與能力知覺對賽前狀態焦慮和運動樂趣之預測研究。國立臺北教育大學。臺北市。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張勝順(2017)。換下西裝後的籃球心-國小行政人員兼籃球教練的經驗敘說。國立臺北教育大學體育學系學位論文。2017。1-162。 
  2. 林依婷(2016)。重建到重見-敘說兩位高中女子籃球初任教練的故事。國立臺北教育大學體育學系學位論文。2016。1-133。
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